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Santa Cruz de la Sierra Bolivia was discovered when her stepmother claimed to have dreamt it was there. Corder was tried and publicly hanged in Bury St Edmunds in 1848. As was the case with the bodies of many executed prisoners, his body was used as a teaching aid at West Santa Cruz de la Sierra Bolivia map. A bust was made of his head after his death, for the study of phrenology, and a death mask can be seen at Moyse’s Hall Museum, as can an account of the murder, bound in his skin. Newspaper reports often include far more details about the background to a crime than appears in the court minute books. For instance, when the Swing Riots took place in the 1830s, local papers ran articles which were often several pages long. Many local history websites include transcripts of reports relating to their parish.

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Santa Cruz de la Sierra Bolivia was a regular fact of life for a large number of our ancestors. It is therefore likely you will find at least one who either went through the poor law system at some point in their lives, or had to pay towards maintaining the poor. The concept of taking care of those unable to care for themselves has existed from the earliest times. By the medieval period the duty of relieving the poor was seen as the moral duty of the Church. In practice, this meant the parish priest did what he could, while the monasteries acted as an umbrella with their infirmaries and leper houses for the sick and infirm, and extensive lands on which the ablebodied could work. One of the consequences of the suppression of the English monasteries under Henry VIII in 153639, and the resulting social chaos, was that this umbrella of care disappeared. Individual parishes only had voluntary contributions from locals, so were often unable to cope with the rising numbers of people turning to them for help, while the growing bands of wandering poor caused fear and distrust.

Despite various attempts to solve it, the problem of what to do with the poor, and whose responsibility they should be, refused to go away. The 1601 Poor Law Act formed the basis of local poor law administration for over 200 years, although it was not formally abolished until 1948. Before 1834, poor relief was the responsibility of local parish officials, who raised funds through local taxation and provided relief in the form of money, food, clothes and fuel, housing for the elderly and sick, or arranging work for the able-bodied. Economic and agricultural depressions and a rising population led to spiralling costs in the poor relief system throughout the eighteenth and early nineteenth century. Although groups of parishes could save costs by joining together to set up and run their own workhouses under Gilbert’s Act of 1782, this was not compulsory. Also, each parish was still responsible for maintaining their own able-bodied adult poor, who remained outside the workhouse. From 1834 relieving the poor became the responsibility of groups of parishes under a union workhouse.

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